By Saza Ahmed Fakhry Boskany
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Extra info for A Contrastive Analysis of Agreement in Standard English and Standard Kurdish
B A basically similar approach supplies a separate Aux or (T) node as daughter of the mother VP node to account for number verb AGR as seen in the following example (Brown and Miller 1980: 212 with modification). 45. The dogs weren’t bitten by the cat. S VP Det N Num NP Aux V Tense PP by 43 NP dog pl. past neg pass Det N Num be en bite the dog -s past n’t be en cat sing bite by the cat Ø D . 45 According to Grinder and Elgin (1973: 58-9), the two sentences below can be illustrated in these tree diagrams.
Then morphological realization rules of the type man+ pl. goose + pl. boy+ sing pl. -s run + past walk + past sing - -s past ed indef + sing indef + pl. men geese boy ran walked a some All these rules account for the following facts of AGR in SE: (1) Num AGR only occurs on the first item of the (V) in VP. , realized together). ) never show Num AGR. In the plural, only Be show Num AGR. (5) With past verb forms, only Be shows Num AGR in both singular and plural ( Brown and Miller 1980:219-20) These facts Brown and Miller summarize in these rules: 1.
B- kas ya:n one of them na ha: -t -Ø not come -p -SM bo a:hang -aka to party -the AGR None of them came to the party. c- kas ya:n na one of them not ha: -t -in bo a:hang -aka come -p -SM to party -the AGR None of them came to the party. Rule 6: Quantifiers With fractions and percentages, the verb may or may not agree with its preceding noun: if the noun is regarded as one whole unit, the verb assumes singular, if considered as many units, then it requires a plural verb. a- se yak -i kiteb -aka third one -iz book -the hala -Ø -ya incorrect -be -SM AGR One third of the book is incorrect.
A Contrastive Analysis of Agreement in Standard English and Standard Kurdish by Saza Ahmed Fakhry Boskany