By G. Mirfendereski
In a chain of brief tales that either tell and amuse, this e-book transports the reader around the windswept shorelines of the Caspian Sea and offers a provocative view of the wars, peace, intrigues, and betrayals that experience formed the political geography of this crucial and risky quarter. The death of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the eclipsing of the outdated Iranian-Soviet regime of the ocean have given upward thrust to new demanding situations for the nearby actors and remarkable possibilities for overseas gamers to faucet into the area's huge, immense oil and fuel assets, 3rd in measurement merely in the back of Siberia and the Persian Gulf. This e-book explores the old subject matters that tell and animate the extra quick and time-honored discussions approximately petroleum, pipelines, and ethnic clash within the Caspian quarter.
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Extra resources for A Diplomatic History of the Caspian Sea: Treaties, Diaries, and Other Stories
The Russian station at Ashuradeh, Melgunov observed, could not put a complete end to Turkmen depredations largely because Russia had stopped spending on the naval station and the Tarantul and Izmiya were hardly a match for the Turkmens. These only escorted ships found in waters off Astarabad. Steamers, too, were not of much use, because by the time the boilers were readied for the chase, the Turkmens had disappeared from the scene. After a two-day stay on Ashuradeh, at noon, on October 12, 1860, Melgunov and his party, which included Mir Baba, the headman of Qara Tappeh, boarded a barqa and set out to explore the Persian coast, intending to visit first the ruins at Qara Tappeh.
The ship tossed from side to side as “the waves rose up like mountains and caused much fright,” the shah wrote. The storm lasted into the night. With the exception of the shah and a few others, everyone else in the royal party became grossly sick, wallowing in vomit. The shah and Admiral Zivniaghine spent a part of the evening pouring over the admiralty map, tracking the voyage; the admiral promised calmer seas in ten hours’ time. The ship continued sailing until it reached calm as the sea decreased in depth to about 54 feet, “quite a difference from the night before’s much greater depths, let us say, of over one thousand fathoms,” the shah wrote.
The unbearable heat in the months of May through September and at times in October confined the population to their homes all day long. However, the evening breeze blowing from the direction of the Alborz Mountains offered a cool contrast to the heat and at the same time drove away the mosquitoes originating from Little Ashuradeh and Miyankaleh. While some of the Russian officers lived on board the ships, the Russian officials with families were lodged in dwellings built on the island in the period from the middle 1840s to middle 1850s.
A Diplomatic History of the Caspian Sea: Treaties, Diaries, and Other Stories by G. Mirfendereski