By Army Center of Military History, Richard W. Stewart
American army historical past presents the USA Army—in specific, its younger officials, NCOs, and cadets—with a entire yet short account of its earlier. the guts of army heritage first released this paintings in 1956 as a textbook for senior ROTC classes. when you consider that then it has undergone a couple of updates and revisions, however the fundamental cause has remained a similar. aid for army background schooling has continually been a primary project of the heart, and this re-creation of a useful heritage furthers that function. The historical past of an lively association has a tendency to extend swiftly because the association grows higher and extra complicated. The interval because the Vietnam conflict, at which element the newest variation ended, has been an important one for the military, a hectic interval of increasing roles and missions and of primary organizational alterations. particularly, the explosion of missions and deployments when you consider that eleven September 2001 has necessitated the production of extra, open-ended chapters within the tale of the U.S. military in motion. this primary quantity covers the Army’s background from its beginning in 1775 to the eve of worldwide struggle I. via 1917, the U.S. was once already an international strength. the military had despatched huge expeditionary forces past the yankee hemisphere, and in the beginning of the recent century Secretary of battle Elihu Root had proposed adjustments and reforms that inside of a new release could form the military of the longer term. yet international war—global war—was nonetheless to return. the second one quantity of this re-creation will absorb that tale and expand it into the twenty-first century and the early years of the conflict on terrorism and comprises an research of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq as much as January 2009.
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Additional info for AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY. VOLUME 1. THE UNITED STATES ARMY AND THE FORGING OF A NATION, 1775-1917
Tensions ran high; after several settlers and Indians were killed in an intensifying spiral of violence, the conflict called King Philip’s War began in 1675. Hostilities ended in 1676, when Metacom was captured and decapitated. His head remained on public display in Plymouth for nearly twenty-five years. 29 AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY Having no artillery, the Indians found the forts hard to take and could rely only on burning arrows to set them aﬁre, on surprise attack, or on direct frontal assault.
Hostilities ended in 1676, when Metacom was captured and decapitated. His head remained on public display in Plymouth for nearly twenty-five years. 29 AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY Having no artillery, the Indians found the forts hard to take and could rely only on burning arrows to set them aﬁre, on surprise attack, or on direct frontal assault. From the last alternative they almost invariably shrank. Their war chiefs possessed no power to order any group of braves to undertake an assault in which they would suffer heavy casualties for the sake of gaining an objective.
During the colonial period (1607–1775), the militia of the various colonies defended the settlers while they were establish15 AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY ing themselves in America and helped England eliminate the French from North America. This was the period of roots and origins, of the transplanting of military institutions from abroad, particularly from England, and of their modiﬁcation in the New World. During the era of continental expansion (1775–1898), the militia and volunteers and the Continental Army and its successor, the Regular Army, played a signiﬁcant role in bringing the United States into being, in winning important extensions of national territory, in saving the nation from internal destruction, and in exploring, policing, and governing the vast regions of the West.
AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY. VOLUME 1. THE UNITED STATES ARMY AND THE FORGING OF A NATION, 1775-1917 by Army Center of Military History, Richard W. Stewart