Download e-book for iPad: Animal behaviour : mechanism, development, function and by Chris Barnard

By Chris Barnard

ISBN-10: 0130899364

ISBN-13: 9780130899361

This e-book presents a complete advent to the examine of behaviour, from its foundation within the animal¿s anatomy and body structure to its adaptive worth within the surroundings. it really is aimed toward undergraduate scholars within the organic sciences and psychology and is designed to function either an in depth creation and an intensive, up to date resource of reference permitting scholars to pursue subject matters within the fundamental literature.

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Animal behaviour : mechanism, development, function and by Chris Barnard PDF

This e-book presents a entire advent to the research of behaviour, from its foundation within the animal¿s anatomy and body structure to its adaptive price within the atmosphere. it really is geared toward undergraduate scholars within the organic sciences and psychology and is designed to function either a close creation and an in depth, updated resource of reference allowing scholars to pursue issues within the fundamental literature.

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Lots of offspring are no good if they all die before maturity, and lavishing everything on a singleton might waste investment that could have sustained two or three more. In other words we might expect some kind of optimum number that maximises the overall reproductive output of the clutch. This is an example of a general argument about decision-making by organisms that we shall come to in more detail in Chapter 2. Like many other bird species, European magpies (Pica pica) show some variation in clutch size.

9), suggesting that chicks had been selected to be most sensitive to song stimulation at a significantly earlier age (Nelson 1999). The exigencies of breeding in extreme latitudes thus seem to have imposed a constraint on the song development process in the gambelli subspecies that has caused a departure from the pattern of song production at the population level seen in other races of the white-crowned sparrow. Courtship in newts: a modelling approach to mechanism Courtship in the smooth newt (Triturus vulgaris) is an elaborate and time-consuming affair that takes place on the floor of ponds.

1989). 1 n What is behaviour? x 7 along the lines of ‘keep adding bits of nesting material until it’s time to lay an egg’ rather than ‘add bits of nesting material until the structure looks like a nest’). 2 Purpose and mind While there may be several different ways of generating the same purposeful outcome, there is also a hierarchy of potential decision-making processes by which animals might arrive at their choice of behaviour. The hierarchy is one of increasing sophistication in the scope and flexibility of choice, and thus justification for thinking in terms of ‘mind’ and ‘intelligence’ as opposed to pre-programmed stimulus–response relationships.

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Animal behaviour : mechanism, development, function and evolution by Chris Barnard


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