Assuming the Burden: Europe and the American Commitment to by Mark Atwood Lawrence PDF

By Mark Atwood Lawrence

ISBN-10: 0520243153

ISBN-13: 9780520243156

ISBN-10: 1417584998

ISBN-13: 9781417584994

This fantastically crafted and solidly researched publication explains why and the way the U.S. made its first dedication to Vietnam within the overdue Forties. Mark Atwood Lawrence deftly explores the method in which the Western powers put aside their fierce disagreements over colonialism and prolonged the chilly struggle struggle into the 3rd global. Drawing on an remarkable array of assets from 3 international locations, Lawrence illuminates the history of the U.S. government's selection in 1950 to ship army gear and monetary reduction to strengthen France in its struggle opposed to revolutionaries. that call, he argues, marked America's first definitive step towards embroilment in Indochina, the beginning of an extended sequence of strikes that might lead the Johnson management to dedicate U.S. strive against forces a decade and a part later. supplying a daring new interpretation, the writer contends that the U.S. determination might be understood merely because the results of complicated transatlantic deliberations approximately colonialism in Southeast Asia within the years among 1944 and 1950. in this time, the e-book argues, sharp divisions opened in the united states, French, and British governments over Vietnam and the difficulty of colonialism extra quite often. whereas many liberals needed to house nationalist calls for for self-government, others subsidized the go back of French authority in Vietnam. purely after effectively recasting Vietnam as a chilly conflict clash among the democratic West and foreign communism--a long technique regarding excessive foreign interplay--could the 3 governments conquer those divisions and subscribe to forces to salary conflict in Vietnam. one of many first students to mine the diplomatic fabrics housed in eu information, Lawrence deals a nuanced triangulation of overseas coverage because it built between French, British, and U.S. diplomats and policymakers. He additionally brings out the calculations of Vietnamese nationalists who fought bitterly first opposed to the japanese after which opposed to the French as they sought their nation's independence. Assuming the weight is an eloquent representation of the way elites, working open air public scrutiny, make judgements with huge, immense repercussions for many years to return.

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Extra info for Assuming the Burden: Europe and the American Commitment to War in Vietnam (From Indochina to Vietnam: Revolution and War in a Global Perspective)

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Anticolonialism. French views on this matter echoed widely held stereotypes of Americans as simultaneously naive and materialistic. S. ideology the Foreign Ministry despaired of changing American minds. ” The American “penchant for crusades” compounded the problem. “Of the two wars that [the United States] fought before 1914, one was carried out to achieve its own emancipation, the other for that of black slaves,” wrote the ministry, adding that in their latest war Americans naturally sought a new ideological aim to endow their sacrifices with ennobling purpose.

French officials were keenly aware of long-standing Chinese designs on Indochinese territory and worried that any Chinese incursion into Tonkin might prove impossible to dislodge. They also feared that Chinese patronage of various Vietnamese political organizations during the war would lead to dangerous cross-border meddling in Indochinese politics after the fighting ended. Nevertheless, these dangers seemed manageable. Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek repeatedly assured Ambassador Pechkoff that his government had no territorial ambitions in Indochina and even suggested that he was willing to help restore French rule.

For one thing, they knew that South East Asia Command would benefit from clearer planning as it began contemplating more intensive military operations in Southeast Asia. S. and British propaganda would clash. S. emphasis on self-determination and British stress on restoration of colonial rule could confuse potential resistance forces in Southeast Asia and create long-term political problems with local nationalists. The danger of rice shortages following the war in the Far East also suggested a need for quick decisions.

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Assuming the Burden: Europe and the American Commitment to War in Vietnam (From Indochina to Vietnam: Revolution and War in a Global Perspective) by Mark Atwood Lawrence

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